From Indian tribe (Ho) of the salmon fisherman (Ida)
Nickname: Gem State
State bird: Mountain Bluebird
State flower: Syringa
Time: Mountain (GMT – 7) in the greater part of the State; Pacific (GMT – 8) in the north.
The State: The contrasting terrain of Idaho includes Hell’s Canyon National Recreational Area, the deepest river gorge in North America and home to the Snake, Imnaha and Rapid rivers; Clearwater National Forest.
The State capital, Boise, comes to life during the summer months with a lively festival and the Western Idaho Fair in August. It is also home to the World Center for Birds of Prey; the Basque Museum & Cultural Center and the Boise Art Museum. Attractions to the southeast include the massive Shoshone Falls; the Shoshone Indian Ice Caves; and historic Fort Hall.
The upmarket Sun Valley resort area in the centre of the State offers skiing and wintersports, as well as a range of summer activities. In the nearby hills is a wide choice of hot springs, including the Warfield Hot Spring and Russian John Hot Spring. The Craters of the Moon National Monument & Preserve is a huge lava field with a maze of tunnels and caves. There are plenty of campsites available nearby. Sawtooth National Recreation Area is home to the Sawtooth and White Cloud mountains and the Smokey and Boulder ranges.
Further north, the Lewis and Clark Scenic Byway offers travellers a chance to trace the ‘Corps of Discovery’ expedition route along the Clearwater and Lochsa rivers, in the land of the Nez Perce Indians, who are recalled by the Nez Perce National Historical Park.
In the north of the State, the resort town of Coeur d’Alene is home to the world’s only floating golf green, which is situated on a lake where visitors can also hire canoes or take a boat cruise. The Wallace District Mining Museum is situated to the east of Coeur d’Alene. Also on offer in this area is the Sierra Silver Mine Tour and the Oasis Bordello Museum. Visitors can also ride up Silver Mountain on the world’s longest single-stage gondola.